Hypertension / High blood pressure
Hypertension is high blood pressure; if uncontrolled, it can lead to complications such as chronic kidney disease (CKD), heart attack and stroke. It is one of the leading causes of Chronic CKD and End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) in the United States along with diabetes.
High blood pressure (hypertension) is a common condition in which the long-term force of the blood against your artery walls is high enough that it can eventually lead to health problems such as heart disease.
Blood pressure is determined by together the amount of blood your heart pumps and the amount of resistance to blood inflow in your arteries. The more blood your heart pumps and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure. Blood pressure measurement is given in millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). It has two figures.
- Top number (systolic pressure). The first, or upper, number measures the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats.
- Nethermost number (diastolic pressure). The alternate, or lower, number measures the pressure in your arteries between beats.
You may have high blood pressure for many years without any symptoms. Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases the risk of serious health problems, including heart attack and stroke. Fortunately, high blood pressure can be easily diagnosed. Once you know you have high blood pressure, you can work with your doctor to control it.
High Blood Pressure / Hypertension Management – Causes and Risk Factors
Alcohol, smoking and obesity can raise your blood pressure. Keeping your body mass index (BMI) at 18.5 to 22.9 can reduce your risk of developing high blood pressure (see table below). Classification of body mass index (BMI) by public health activity in AsiansBody mass index = weight (kg) / (height x height (m))
|BMI (kg/m2) (for adults) –
||Risk of Heart Disease and Diabetes
|27.5 and above –
|23.0 – 27.4 –
|18.5 – 22.9 –
||Low Risk (healthy range)
|Less than 18.5 –
||Risk of malnutrition diseases and osteoporosis
High blood pressure usually does not cause any symptoms, but often leads to damage to various body organs for a long time. It is for this reason that high blood pressure or hypertension is referred to as the “quiet killer”. Over time, this can lead to damage to the heart and blood vessels, which can lead to stroke, heart attack or kidney failure. Occasionally, when blood pressure is too high, headaches, dizziness, or changes in vision may occur. The elderly has a higher risk of developing high blood pressure. Most patients have no cause for high blood pressure and are classified as essential hypertension. About 10% of hypertensive patients are the result of kidney disease or hormonal disorders (secondary hypertension).
All CKS Nephrologists have expertise in treating and preventing Primary/Essential and Secondary Hypertension. Our Nephrologists will work with our patients and their families to create a comprehensive plan of treatment that will include dietary counseling, exercise, and medications to optimize blood pressure control.
Hypertension, or High Blood Pressure, which if left untreated, increases the risk of your having a heart attack Get treated at our San Dimas, Covina, Pesadana, Upland & Ontario Clinics
Please call to make an appointment.: California Kidney Specialists to Control your High Blood Pressure.